Updates on some medicinal and ornamental plants- Ayurvedic medicines

Kiran P. Kolkar 1, Ravindra B. Malabadi 2, *, Sadiya MR 3, Veena Sharada B 4 and Raju K. Chalannavar 2

1 Department of Botany, Karnatak Science College, Dharwad-580003, Karnataka State, India.
2 Department of Applied Botany, Mangalore University, Mangalagangotri-574199, Mangalore, Karnataka State, India.
3 Department of Biochemistry, JSS Medical College, Mysore- 570015, Karnataka State, India.
4 Department of Biosciences, Mangalore University, Mangalagangothri- 574199, Mangalore, Karnataka State, India.
 
Research Article
World Journal of Advanced Research and Reviews, 2024, 23(01), 111–147
Article DOI: 10.30574/wjarr.2024.23.1.1893

 

 

 

Publication history: 
Received on 19 May 2024; revised on 29 June 2024; accepted on 30 June 2024
 
Abstract: 
This literature review paper highlights morphology, distribution, medicinal properties of commercially important tree species, Thespesia populnea, Terminalia arjuna, Butea monosperma (Palas), Silver oak (Grevillea robusta), Mangifera indica, Madhuca longifolia,Melia azadirachta, Michelia champaca, Moringa oleifera, Peltophorum pterocarpum, and Aegle marmelos. These plants have been used for centuries by local communities and traditional healers for their therapeutic and medicinal properties. Medicinal plants play a crucial role in the Western Ghats, both ecologically and culturally. The use of herbal medicines for the treatment of diseases is safe and traditional. Therefore, medicinal plants have been receiving great attention because of their safety. The Western Ghats harbors more than 7,500 flowering plant species, of which nearly 1,500 are recognized for their medicinal values by local communities and traditional healers. The Western Ghats population traditional medical practices frequently center on using plant-based treatments. These medicinal plants are carefully chosen, and preparation techniques have been perfected through many years of practice. Studies indicated that Mangifera indica possesses antidiabetic, anti-oxidant, anti-viral, cardiotonic, hypotensive, and anti-inflammatory properties. Mango contains Mangiferin,  a polyphenolic antioxidant and a glucosyl xanthone, has strong antioxidant, anti lipid peroxidation, immunomodulation, cardiotonic, hypotensive, wound healing, antidegenerative and antidiabetic activities.
 
Keywords: 
Ayurveda; Dharwad; Karnataka; Medicinal plants; Phytochemicals; Traditional healers; Tree species; Western Ghat
 
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