Promoting democratic values through civic education: A case of selected secondary schools in lusaka District, Zambia

Chanda Chansa Thelma 1, *, Mainde Davy 2 and Chisebe Sylvester 3

1 Department of Humanities and Social Sciences Chreso University, Lusaka, Zambia.
2 Department of Education, Humanities and Social Sciences, Zambian Open University/DMI St Eugene University, Zambia.
3 School of Education, Humanities and Social Sciences, Eden University, Lusaka, Zambia.
Review Article
World Journal of Advanced Research and Reviews, 2024, 22(03), 586–597
Article DOI10.30574/wjarr.2024.22.3.1732
Publication history: 
Received on 29 April 2024; revised on 05 June 2024; accepted on 08 June 2024
Overview: Promoting democratic values through civic education is essential for fostering an informed and engaged citizenry capable of upholding democratic principles. Hence, this paper delves into the critical role of civic education in fostering democratic values within contemporary societies. The study was carried in Lusaka district from 6 selected secondary schools.
Body of Knowledge: Civic education encompasses teaching the fundamentals of democracy, including the importance of individual rights, the rule of law, and the responsibilities of citizenship. Civic education serves as a counterbalance to authoritarian tendencies and political apathy by encouraging active and informed participation in public life. The analysis underscores the importance of early and continuous civic education to build a resilient democratic society that values diversity, equity, and justice.
Methods: The study employed both the qualitative and quantitative methods and a descriptive survey design that sampled Head Teachers, Teachers of Civic Education, Community Members and students in Civic Education classes. The study consisted a sample of 300 respondents from the selected secondary schools. Data was obtained from the respondents by means of interviews and questionnaires. The qualitative data gathered was analyzed according to the themes of the study and the order of the research objectives.  Data generated from the questionnaires (quantitative) were analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (version 26) and Microsoft Excel (version 16) to come up with tables, and figures.
Results: The comprehensive analysis revealed that effective civic education programs are characterized by an inclusive curriculum that integrates critical thinking, discussion of current events, and hands-on participation in democratic processes. These programs aim to cultivate a sense of civic duty, political efficacy, and tolerance among students. Empirical studies indicated that well-designed civic education can significantly enhance students' knowledge of political systems, their skills in democratic participation, and their commitment to democratic values.
Recommendation: The government should; collaborate with education authorities to enhance democratic ideals in civic education curriculum; and through the education standard officer and other stakeholders need to enhance professional development workshops for teachers of civic education to enable them effectively teach and practice democratic ideals as espoused in civic education.
Civic Education; Citizen Participation; Community Involvement; Democratic Values; Governance
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