Phytochemical constituents, antibacterial screening and antioxidant activity of Albizia lebbeck (L.) Benth (Seed)

Yasmin Hassan Elshiekh 1, *, Reem Elsheikh Alagbash 2, Rayan Altayeb Ali 2, Fatima Omer Saad 2 and Moshera Musharaf 2

1Department of Biology and Technology, College of Applied and Industrial Sciences, University of Bahri, Bahri, Sudan.
2 Department of Pharmacognosy Faculty of Pharmacy Omdurman Islamic University, Omdurman, Sudan.
Research Article
World Journal of Advanced Research and Reviews, 2020, 07(01), 035-040
Article DOI: 10.30574/wjarr.2020.7.1.0225
Publication history: 
Received on 23 June 2020; revised on 03 July 2020; accepted on 06 July 2020
Albizia lebbeck (L.) Benth. Traditionally plant is used as anti-asthmatic, anti-inflammatory, anti-fertility and anti-diarrheal, antiseptic, anti-dysenteric, anti-tubercular, leprosy, paralysis and helminth infection. This study aimed to determine the phytochemical constituents, antioxidant and antibacterial activities. The phytochemical screening was carried out using Petroleum ether, Ethyl acetate and 70% ethanol; preliminary phytochemical screening showed the presence of alkaloids, flavonoids, carbohydrates, tannins, coumarins and saponins in plant extracts. The seeds extract of Albizia lebbeck were tested against gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria by cup diffusion method. The Petroleum ether extract showed high activity against Escherichia coli when compared with other plant extracts. The antioxidant activity was determined by using the free radical scavenging method (DPPH). The result of antioxidant activity reflected low activity as compared with standard (Propyl gallate).
Albizia  lebbeck; Fabaceae; anti-asthmatic; anti-inflammatory; Escherichia coli
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