IT standardization in cloud computing: Security challenges, benefits, and future directions

Oluwafemi Clement Adeusi 1, Yusuf Olalekan Adebayo 2, *, Praise Ayomide Ayodele 3, Tajudeen Tunde Onikoyi 4, Kayode Blessing Adebayo 5 and Ibrahim Oyeyemi Adenekan 6

1 Department of computer Science (Network and Security), Staffordshire University, UK.
2 Department of Criminology and Security Studies, University of Ilorin, Nigeria.
3 School of Technology, University of Central Missouri, MO, USA.
4 Department of Management Technology, Faculty of Management Sciences, Lagos State University, Lagos, Nigeria.
5 Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Hull, United Kingdom.
6 Department of Mathematics, University of Louisiana at Lafayette, USA.
Review Article
World Journal of Advanced Research and Reviews, 2024, 22(05), 2050–2057
Article DOI: 10.30574/wjarr.2024.22.3.1982
Publication history: 
Received on 22 May 2024; revised on 28 June 2024; accepted on 30 June 2024
Cloud computing has revolutionized information technology, offering scalable solutions for businesses. However, security concerns hinder widespread adoption, especially among SMEs. This review examines IT standardization in cloud environments, focusing on security challenges and benefits. We explore cloud computing concepts, deployment strategies, and service models. Security challenges are analyzed from organizational, technological, and legal perspectives. The study highlights potential security benefits and introduces Security as a Service. Future trends in cloud security, including AI and blockchain integration, are discussed. Methods include a comprehensive literature review and analysis of current industry practices. Key findings reveal that while cloud computing poses significant security risks, it also offers enhanced security capabilities when properly implemented. The review concludes that organizations can effectively leverage cloud computing by conducting thorough risk assessments, implementing multi-layered security approaches, and staying informed about emerging threats and solutions. Recommendations for cloud adoption emphasize the importance of comprehensive security strategies and ongoing adaptation to evolving technologies. This review provides valuable insights for practitioners, researchers, and decision-makers navigating the complex landscape of cloud computing security.
Cloud Computing; IT Standardization; Security Challenges; Security Benefits; Future Trends
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