Innovative solutions for critical infrastructure resilience against cyber-physical attacks

Bright Ojo 1, *, Justine Chilenovu Ogborigbo 2 and Maureen Oluchukwuamaka Okafor 3

1 Operations Management, University of Arkansas, fayetteville, AR, USA.
2 Computer Technology and Cybersecurity, Eastern Illinois University, Charleston, Illinoi, USA.
3 Computer Systems and Technology, Louisiana State University Shreveport, Shreveport, Louisiana, USA.
Review Article
World Journal of Advanced Research and Reviews, 2024, 22(03), 1651–1674
Article DOI: 10.30574/wjarr.2024.22.3.1921
Publication history: 
Received on 16 May 2024; revised on 25 June 2024; accepted on 27 June 2024
Critical infrastructure must withstand cyber and physical assaults in today's interconnected world. This study explores innovative strategies to shield these systems from cyber-physical threats. As networks become more connected, cyberattacks grow more sophisticated, making it imperative to safeguard sectors like transportation, energy, water, and information. The paper analyzes the present and future threat landscape, identifying vulnerabilities within critical infrastructures and proposing targeted mitigation strategies to enhance security.
The research leverages AI and machine learning to develop detection tools that identify and predict cyber-physical attacks, enhancing response times and preventive measures. Additionally, resilience engineering and architecture are crucial in fortifying infrastructure, enabling it to withstand and recover from attacks while maintaining essential functions. The study also reviews legislation and policies surrounding infrastructure protection, pinpointing shortcomings and recommending improvements to bolster national security.
Effective countermeasures against cyber-physical threats require collaboration and information sharing among government bodies, industry stakeholders, and educational institutions. These partnerships facilitate the exchange of knowledge, best practices, and tools to address threats efficiently. Furthermore, the paper highlights the importance of training programs that equip professionals with skills to integrate cyber and physical security defenses.
Exploring the integration of blockchain, IoT, and autonomous technologies could further enhance the resilience of critical systems. These technologies foster secure communications and automated responses to incidents. Lastly, community awareness initiatives play a vital role in preparing for and mitigating cyber-physical attacks, ensuring that public readiness and resilience are maintained. This comprehensive approach aims to fortify critical infrastructure against evolving cyber threats, ensuring continuous operation and security.
Innovative solutions; Critical infrastructure resilience; Cyber-physical attacks; Threat landscape analysis; Vulnerabilities; Advanced detection technologies; AI and machine learning; Resilience engineering and design.
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