The influence of health promotion on increasing knowledge regarding bullying among students at SMK Negeri 1 Kendari, Indonesia

Listy Handayani *, Fin, Indah Nurwia Ningrum, Nasywa Rasyifa, Fitranti Syahrani, Wa Ode Nur Silmi, Sitti Fatimah Milu and Wa Ode Nur Aisya

Department of Public Health, Public Health Faculty, Halu Oleo University, Kendari, South East Sulawesi Province, Indonesia.
Research Article
World Journal of Advanced Research and Reviews, 2024, 22(03), 1306–1311
Article DOI: 10.30574/wjarr.2024.22.3.1826
Publication history: 
Received on 05 May 2024; revised on 18 June 2024; accepted on 21 June 2024
Indonesia is one of the countries recorded as having quite a lot of bullying cases. Researches in three large cities in Indonesia, namely Yogyakarta, Surabaya and Jakarta, recorded that 67.9% of high school students and 66.1% of junior high school students experienced bullying. The highest category being psychological violence (exclusion) and the second rank being verbal and physical violence. This study aimed to determine the effect of health promotion on knowledge about bullying among teenagers at Vocational High School 1 Kendari, Indonesia. A quasi-experimental with pre and post-test design without control group design was conducted in this study. The sample was 29 students from grade X at Vocational High School 1 Kendari, taken by accidental sampling technique. Data collection was carried out by filling out pre-test and post-test questionnaires and analyzed using the Wilcoxon two sample tests (data not normally distributed) using the epi info 7 application. The results of the study showed that the statistical test results with a p-value of 0.006 > 0.05 indicated that there was a significant difference between knowledge about bullying among students before and after being given health promotion. Therefore, it can be concluded that there is an influence of health promotion on increasing students’ knowledge about bullying.
Bullying; Health Promotion; Knowledge; Students
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