Identification of mental disorders among adolescents based on Global School-Based Student Health Survey (GSHS) in Kendari, Indonesia

Listy Handayani 1, *, Windalia Apriani Fitri 2, Fin 1, Dilla Salsabilla S. Riastami 1 and Ni'mahtu Saleha 1

1 Public Health Department, Public Health Faculty, Halu Oleo University, Kendari, South East Sulawesi Province, Indonesia.
2 Regional Planning and development agency, West Nusa Tenggara Province, Indonesia.
Research Article
World Journal of Advanced Research and Reviews, 2024, 23(01), 316–322
Article DOI: 10.30574/wjarr.2024.23.1.2011
Publication history: 
According to Basic Health Research, the prevalence of mental health disorders in Indonesia increased to 9.8% in 2018. Meanwhile, in Southeast Sulawesi Province, the prevalence of mental disorders reached 11% with a total of 14,819 cases. The highest cases occurred in Kendari City, namely 2,249 people with a percentage of 12.17%. This study aimed to identify the mental health disorders among adolescents in Kendari City. A descriptive cross-sectional design was conducted in this study. The population was all students of Vocational School 1 in Kendari and the sample size was 49 respondents selected by accidental sampling. Data was collected through filled out questionnaires that adopted from Global School-Based Student Health Survey (GSHS) in 2021. Data analysis was carried out univariately using the epi info 7 application. The results of the study showed that majority of respondents (79.5%), 2% of respondents had attempted suicide. The implementation of stress management in schools was in the poor category (73.5%) and 89.8% of respondents have parents who play an active role in their lives. It was concluded that the majority of students experienced mental disorders and there was even students who have suicide attempt. Lack of implementation of stress management in schools. However, most of the respondents' parents contribute active in their lives. Therefore, it is necessary to implement stress management in schools regularly such us health education, counseling and Focus Group Discussions (FGD) involving all school officials, students and parents. 
Adolescent; Mental Disorder; Stress management; Suicide attempt; Parents’ role
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