Identification, isolation and extraction of pigments producing bacteria from egg and use for dyeing

Akshaya *, Calista Stephanie, Keerthikumar, Padmapriya, Saniya and Siddharthan

Department of Biotechnology, Sri Shakthi Institute of Engineering and Technology, L and T Bypass Road, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.
Research Article
World Journal of Advanced Research and Reviews, 2024, 22(03), 1203–1216
Article DOI: 10.30574/wjarr.2024.22.3.1828
Publication history: 
Received on 05 May 2024; revised on 15 June 2024; accepted on 17 June 2024
The present study is aimed at isolating bacteria from eggs white that can produce pigments and are potentially used in textile industries as dyes. Generally, bacteria produce pigments for various reasons, and it plays an important role. Some pigments produced by the bacteria show antimicrobial activity against pathogens. These antimicrobial agents or substances produced by the bacteria are successfully used for preventing and treating microbial diseases. Pigments like carotenoids, melanin, flavin, violacein, prodigiosin showed distinct antimicrobial effect against many pathogenic bacteria. Contaminated eggs may produce bacteria like Salmonella spp., Proteus spp., Bacillus spp., Pseudomonas spp. and Staphylococcus spp., which have flagella that allow them to penetrate through the pores. These bacteria were extracted by using organic solvents and are purified and characterized by thin layer chromatography and optimized to dyeing parameters. The obtained dye serves as alternative source to chemical dyes.
Bacteria; Eggs; Organic Solvents; Thin Layer Chromatography; Dyeing
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