Gendered aspiration among rural youths in agriculture: Implications for food security in Delta State, Nigeria

Ogheneovo OWIGHO 1, *, Tina Ewomazino AKENI 1, Onyinye Stella, ONWUMERE-IDOLOR 2, Ezekiel Ovoh EROMEDOGHENE 3 and Evelyn Emamuzo EKPERI 2

1 Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Delta State University of Science and Technology Ozoro, Delta State, Nigeria.
2 Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Agriculture, Delta State University of Science and Technology Ozoro, Delta State, Nigeria.
3 Department of Agricultural Extension, Faculty of Agriculture, Delta State University, Abraka, Delta State, Nigeria.
Review Article
World Journal of Advanced Research and Reviews, 2024, 22(03), 767–773
Article DOI: 10.30574/wjarr.2024.22.3.1803
Publication history: 
Received on 05 May 2024; revised on 13 June 2024; accepted on 15 June 2024
This research investigates gendered aspirations among rural youths in agriculture and examines their implications for food security in Delta State, Nigeria. A multi-stage sampling procedure was adopted to compose a sample focusing on understanding the distinct aspirations of male and female youths in the agricultural sector. Data were collected through a structured questionnaire from 200 respondents and interview conducted for this study. Data generated from the study were processed and analyzed with percentages of their educational qualifications and age groups, and the hypothesis was tested with t-test statistics at 0.05 level of significance. The research reveals nuanced differences in the aspirations of male and female rural youths, shedding light on factors influencing their aspirations in agriculture, such as educational level, age group, access to resources, and societal expectations. Findings indicate that 61.50% majority were female while 38.50% were male. At the same time, both gender express a keen interest in contributing to the agricultural sector. There are significant differences between young men and women as young women expressed more aspirations in agriculture than young men, directly impacting food security as inequality of young men and women's participation and involvement will affect availability and access to food. Based on these findings, it was recommended that Delta State government should promote the active involvement of young men and women in leadership roles within agricultural organizations and decision-making processes; this can contribute to more inclusive policies and strategies that address the gendered aspects of agricultural aspirations.
Gendered Aspiration; Rural; Youth; Agriculture; Delta State.
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