Exploring mania in HIV-positive individuals: Case studies and clinical considerations


Research Team for Mental Health, University Psychiatric Service Ibn Nafis Hospital, Mohammed VI University Hospital, Marrakech. Morocco.]
Research Article
World Journal of Advanced Research and Reviews, 2024, 22(03), 1257–1260
Article DOI: 10.30574/wjarr.2024.22.3.1850
Publication history: 
Received on 05 May 2024; revised on 18 June 2024; accepted on 21 June 2024
Mania in HIV-infected individuals, though uncommon, can occur at any stage of the infection, from asymptomatic seropositive to symptomatic AIDS and HIV indicator conditions. This article presents three case reports highlighting the clinical complexities and treatment challenges of manic episodes in HIV-positive patients. The first case involves a 50-year-old male with a history of bipolar disorder, who developed symptomatic AIDS with a manic episode. The second case details a 20-year-old female presenting with secondary mania likely induced by antiretroviral therapy and advanced HIV infection. The third case describes a 37-year-old female who manifested manic symptoms following the revelation of her HIV status, alongside significant cognitive deficits. These cases underscore the need for thorough physical examinations, high suspicion for organic causes, and tailored treatment strategies for managing mania in HIV-infected individuals. They also emphasize the potential for early cognitive impairment and the importance of developing appropriate treatment guidelines for this population.
Mania; HIV Infection; Bipolar Disorder; Antiretroviral Therapy; Psychiatric Complications
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