Epidemiological overview of new cases of leprosy in West Java In 2021-2023, Indonesia

Wulan Dewanti Martamevia *

Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics, Population Studies and Health Promotion, Faculty of Public Health, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia.
Research Article
World Journal of Advanced Research and Reviews, 2024, 22(03), 1701–1707
Article DOI: 10.30574/wjarr.2024.22.3.1912
Publication history: 
Received on 16 May 2024; revised on 25 June 2024; accepted on 27 June 2024
One of the infectious tropical diseases still found in Indonesia is Leprosy. Based on WHO data from 2019, Indonesia is in the top three countries with the most significant contributors to leprosy cases after India and Brazil. Moreover, in 2022, West Java Province was ranked second with the highest number of new leprosy cases in Indonesia. This quantitative descriptive study aims to provide an epidemiological overview of new cases of leprosy in West Java Province in 2021-2023 based on people, place, and time. The data used in this study is secondary data sourced from the West Java Provincial Health Profile in 2021-2023. The results of this study indicate that new cases of leprosy in West Java Province are mostly adults aged ≥15 years, are male, have multbacillary (MB) type, and have grade 0 disability. The areas with the highest increase in cases are Bogor Regency, Bekasi City, Bekasi Regency, Karawang Regency, Subang Regency, Indramayu Regency, and Cirebon Regency. The trend of new cases of leprosy in 2021-2023 in West Java Province tends to increase yearly.
Epidemiology; Leprosy; People; Place; Time
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