Designing effective policies to address the challenges of global digital tax reforms

Joseph Kuba Nembe 1, * and Courage Idemudia 2

1 Independent Researcher, New York, USA.
2 Independent Researcher, London, ON, Canada.
Review Article
World Journal of Advanced Research and Reviews, 2024, 22(03), 1171–1183
Article DOI: 10.30574/wjarr.2024.22.3.1837
Publication history: 
Received on 09 May 2024; revised on 17 June 2024; accepted on 19 June 2024
In today's rapidly evolving digital economy, traditional tax laws are facing unprecedented challenges. The emergence of digital business models has transcended geographical boundaries, presenting novel complexities for taxation regimes worldwide. This paper provides a comprehensive overview of the imperative to design effective tax policies capable of addressing the multifaceted challenges posed by global digital tax reforms. The paper begins by examining the transformative nature of digital commerce and its profound impact on taxation. With online platforms and digital services enabling businesses to operate across borders with minimal physical presence, the conventional notions of tax jurisdiction and territoriality are increasingly inadequate. Key considerations in designing effective tax laws for the digital age are then explored. Emphasis is placed on principles such as value creation, nexus, and fairness, which are essential for addressing profit shifting and tax avoidance strategies employed by multinational digital corporations. Furthermore, the paper delves into the significance of international cooperation and harmonization efforts in digital tax reforms. Initiatives such as the OECD's Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) project and negotiations for a global minimum tax are discussed as pivotal steps towards establishing common frameworks for taxing digital activities and ensuring a level playing field among jurisdictions. Challenges and controversies surrounding the implementation of digital tax measures are also examined, including issues related to data privacy, compliance costs, and the potential for trade disputes. Achieving a balance between revenue generation, economic growth, and fairness while minimizing unintended consequences remains a formidable task for policymakers. This paper underscores the necessity of a nuanced understanding of the digital economy's dynamics and a commitment to international collaboration in designing tax policies that are responsive to the challenges of the digital age. By fostering dialogue and embracing innovation in regulatory frameworks, governments can navigate the complexities of digital taxation while fostering a fair and sustainable tax environment.
Tax Law; Designing Effective Policies; Challenges; Global Digital Tax Reforms.
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