Design and simulation of a security and surveillance unmanned aerial vehicle

Hakeem SANUSI 1, *, John B. OLADOSU 1, Abdulahi Akintayo TAIWO 1, Faruk Abolore INAOLAJI 1, Olaoluwa John ADELEKE 2, Chukwuemeka Nzeanorue CHRISTIAN 3, Ayanwunmi Olanrewaju SAMUEL4, Victor Elaigwu ABAH 5 and Deji Ekunseitan KEHINDE 6

1 Department of Computer Engineering, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso Oyo State, Nigeria.
2 Department of Electrical Engineering, The Polytechnic Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.
3 Department of Electrical Engineering, George Washington University, Washington Dc, District of Columbia, USA.
4 Department of Electrical Engineering, Yaba College of Technology, Lagos State, Nigeria.
5 Department of Petroleum Engineering, Petroleum Training Institute, Delta State, Nigeria.
6 Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.
Research Article
World Journal of Advanced Research and Reviews, 2024, 22(03), 148–171
Article DOI: 10.30574/wjarr.2024.22.3.1683
Publication history: 
Received on 23 April 2024 revised on 02 June 2024; accepted on 04 June 2024
The design and simulation of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) have gained significant attention due to their diverse applications in various fields, including surveillance, reconnaissance, environmental monitoring, disaster response, and logistics, this kind of activity suggest that human officers or individual personnel will be able to monitor remotely, live streaming and acquiring specific data from the aerial vehicle while planning or evaluating their operations.
In addition, UAV simulations extend to flight dynamics and control systems, where mathematical models and algorithms are developed to mimic real-world behaviors. These simulations enable the assessment of flight performance, and responsiveness, aiding in the development of control strategies. Simulation plays a pivotal role in refining the UAV design before physical fabrication and testing.
Plotting in MATLAB R2023A 2016a software was used to create detailed 3D models of the UAV and the 6 degrees of freedom in a signal form, with the specifications of maximum roll angle 500, pitch angle 300, and tilt angle 350, which enabling precise visualization and manipulation of components. Aerodynamic simulations, often conducted using computational fluid dynamics (CFD), provide insights into the aircraft's flight characteristics, stability, and control. Structural analysis simulations evaluate the integrity of the airframe under various load conditions.
The simulation shows a very stable operation through an interdisciplinary approach and state-of-the-art simulation tools. The UAV's performance, stability, and safety were evaluated, allowing for iterative refinements in the design. The presented methodology serves as a valuable foundation for the development of cutting-edge UAV technologies that can thrive in diverse operational scenarios.
Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs); Computational fluid dynamics (CFD); Aerodynamic simulations; Six degrees of freedom (6-DOF); Performance evaluation.
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