Deliberate self-harm: A review of measurement aspects

S. Venkatesan *

Formerly Dean (Research and Development), Department of Clinical Psychology, All India Institute of Speech & Hearing, Mysore: 570006, Karnataka, India. 
Review Article
World Journal of Advanced Research and Reviews, 2024, 22(03), 606–613
Article DOI: 10.30574/wjarr.2024.22.3.1748



Publication history: 
Received on 01 May 2024; revised on 08 June 2024; accepted on 10 June 2024
Deliberate self harm (DSH) refers to the intentional, direct injury of one's own body tissue without suicidal intent. This behavior is a significant mental health concern, particularly among adolescents and young adults. Understanding the measurement and theoretical aspects of DSH is crucial for effective assessment, intervention, and prevention efforts. Regarding measurement, the focus of this narrative, several self-report and clinical assessment tools have been developed to evaluate the prevalence, severity, and characteristics of DSH. These instruments assess various dimensions of DSH, such as frequency, methods, motivations, and associated psychosocial factors. Theoretically, DSH has been conceptualized within several frameworks, including the behavioral, beurologcal, socio-cultural, phenomenological, biological and eclectic respectively-although these are nnot te concerns in this paper. Clinicians should be trained to assess and address DSH using evidence-based practices, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy, dialectical behavior therapy, and medication management. Thereby, we can better support individuals struggling with this complex and often misunderstood behavior.
Suicidal Behavior; Self-Infliction; Self Injurious Behaviour; Self-Mutilation; Parasuicide; Partial Suicide; Tests or tools for assessment
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