Challenges of Implementing Food Based Dietary Guidelines: A Case of Selected Boarding Schools in Kapiri-Mposhi District, Zambia

Charity Miyoba 1, Anna Phiri 2 and Chanda Chansa Thelma 3, *

1 Department of Home Economics, Caritas Convent Secondary School, Kabwe, Zambia.
2 Department of Home Economics, Rockview University, Lusaka, Zambia.
3 Department of Humanities and Social Sciences Education, Chreso University, Lusaka, Zambia.
Research Article
World Journal of Advanced Research and Reviews, 2024, 22(03), 2038–2049
Article DOI: 10.30574/wjarr.2024.22.3.1988
Publication history: 
Received on 22 May 2024; revised on 28 June 2024; accepted on 30 June 2024
Overview: Food-based dietary guidelines (FBDGs) are evidence-based nutrition recommendations that aim to promote health and prevent chronic diseases through dietary choices. Implementing these guidelines in boarding schools is vital as it can help improve the nutritional quality of meals served to students. This study aimed to assess the importance of implementing FBDGs in boarding schools and provide practical strategies for schools to do so effectively.
Body of Knowledge: Boarding schools play a crucial role in shaping the dietary habits of students, as they often provide the majority of meals for the students. By following FBDGs, schools can ensure that meals are balanced and provide essential nutrients needed for growth and development. This can help in preventing nutrient deficiencies and promoting overall health among students.
Methods: The study employed a case study design with key stakeholders, including Administrators, Staff, and Students. The sample consisted 150 respondents. Data was collected from the respondents by means of questionnaires, interviews and case studies. Quantitative data from questionnaires was analyzed using statistical software to identify patterns, correlations, and deviations. Qualitative data from interviews were put into writing and subjected to thematic analysis to identify recurring themes and narratives.
Results: Implementing FBDGs in boarding schools can help in promoting healthier eating habits among students. By teaching students about the importance of incorporating a variety of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins in their diet, schools can help students make better food choices both at school and at home. This can have a long-lasting impact on their health and well-being.
Recommendation: Ministry of Education should update policies to ensure that nutrition education is a mandatory component of the school curriculum. This may involve the development of new educational materials that align with FBDGs and the training of teachers to deliver this content effectively.
Boarding School; Dietary; Education; Health; Nutrition; Stakeholders.
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