Analysis to determine the domestic water usage in Yolde - Pate Area of Yola South Local Government Area of Adamawa State Nigeria

Simon Lee *, Nehemiah Japhet Kalang, Abali Tijani Ahmed and Mohammed Umar

Department of Surveying and Geo-informatics. Adamawa State Polytechnic Yola. Nigeria.
Review Article
World Journal of Advanced Research and Reviews, 2024, 22(03), 386–403
Article DOI: 10.30574/wjarr.2024.22.3.1285
Publication history: 
Received on 15 March 2024; revised on 29 May 2024; accepted on 31 May 2024
This research study presents findings of the analysis of determining the domestic water usage in Yolde-Pate area of Yola South LGA of Adamawa State Nigeria. During the recce survey and final survey; the sources of domestic water were identified and mapped out in the study area which include: 127 Industrial borehole, 16 hand-pumps, 6 well water and 1 public tap. Domestic water usage moves in hand with its source and accessibility this is where Nearest Neighbor Analysis NNA was used and its summary depicts the following; z-score of 0.205792265731; which means the pattern does not appear to be significantly different than random; which is fairly recommendable. Mean Distance is 51.1643 Meters, Neighbor Ratio is 1.024, and p-value: 0.836953. This was achieved due to the highly precision DGPS used in determining the spatial positions of each of the 150 XYZ points of each water source location and digitally mapping out the whole study area. Then 600 well-structured questionnaires that were randomly distributed within the study area with the respondent’s responses largely related to the analysis of determining domestic water usage were retrieved and analyzed with the End User Analysis (EUA)Technique. The results show that the total volume of water used daily per house ranges from 52,247 to 78,856 liters for each house hold with a range of 54.53liters to 67.69 liters of water consumption per individual in a day; which fall short of WHO standard of 120 liters. However the EUA based on the population density of the study area reveals: first for the high density areas, which has 3 wards Gadawalowol Yolde Patte ward, Jalingo Yolde Patte ward and Chaka Midari ward with a mean population of 1187, mean household size of 4.67 individuals, 71500 liters as the mean total of consume water daily, 60.35 as the mean per capita water consumption per day individually while standard still remains 120 liters and the mean total of daily demand is 142,440 liters; which shows deficit of what is needed. For the medium density areas with an average population of 1093 which are made up of 2 wards depicts 61100 liters as the mean total of water consumed daily by each household, 55.86 liters was consumed by an individual with a daily mean demand of 131,160 liters. While the low-density areas which mainly is occupied by the Sabonpegi Yolde Patte ward residence has a population of 876, total water consumption per household of 52,247liters, Per Capita Water Consumption (liters per day) is 59,64liters while its water daily demand is 105 120 liters; similarly, a shortage of what is demanded and WHO standard exist also in the medium and low-density areas. Recommendations were then spelt out to improve water consumption and usage with well design accessibility structure to improve well-being of the people in this study area.
Domestic water; Usage; Nearest-Neighbor-Analysis; End-User-Analysis
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